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The Government of Meghalaya is also known as the State Government of Meghalaya or locally as State Government. It is the supreme governing authority of the state of Meghalaya. The Districts are further divided into Subdivisions and Blocks. The Blocks are further subdivided into Gram Sevak Circles. The Deputy Commissioner is the head of the district administration.

The Governor of Meghalaya is the head of the state and is appointed by the President of India on the advice of the Central Government.

The Chief Minister of Meghalaya is the head of the Government and is vested with most of the executive powers.

Shillong is the capital of Meghalaya, and houses the Legislative Assembly and the Secretariat.

The High Court of Meghalaya is located in Shillong and exercises the jurisdiction and powers in respect of cases arising in the State of Meghalaya.

There are 2 Lok Sabha Constituencies and 60 Assembly Constituencies.