The Soil & Water Conservation Department, Meghalaya originated as the Jhum Control Wing under the Forest Department in the erstwhile composite State of Assam. It was subsequently created as an independent Department during 1959-60.
As a major Department of the State, the Department has been striving towards the conservation of the three most vital natural resources - soil, water and vegetation by implementing various conservation measures.
Accordingly the Department has taken up the following as its main functions:
With this in perspective, the Department has taken up the challenging task of controlling the depleting natural resources of soil water and vegetation through various efforts and programmes with the objective of conserving these vital resources for achieving sustain food production and adoption of improve techniques for ensuring food security.
-To dissipate soil and water erosion caused by rainfall
-To improve-soil-health and tilth
-To enhance soil- moisture regime & water holding capacity in the soil profile
-To promote sub-surface/base-flow and ground water recharge.
-To harvest surface run-off/rain water for protective and productive purposes
-To promote per unit area productivity of land-base activity in a sustainable matter.
-To promote livelihood/gainful employment opportunities.