The Meghalaya Public Works Department came into existence along with creation of the State of Meghalaya on the 21st January’1970 with Shri G. C. Momin as the first Chief Engineer & Secretary. There were two Circle offices at Shillong and one at Tura. The number of Divisional offices were five number in Khasi Hills, two number in Garo Hills and one at Jowai with minimum number of Sub-Divisional offices. The Government of Meghalaya realized the urgent need of creating a good road network, as in this landlocked hilly State, the only mode of transportation is by road. There has been fast expansion of the Department to take up the challenge of road network building, which is the most essential infrastructure for development and growth of the state and the people in general.
When Meghalaya was carved out of Assam as an autonomous state, it inherited a total road length of 2786.68 kms including 174 km of National Highways with road density of 12.42 km per 100 square kilometer. Considerable achievement has since been made after attainment of statehood, and up to the end of 4th year of the 11th Five Year Plan total road length has reached up to 9350 kms; out of which 5857 km is surface and remaining 3493 km is un-surface. The road density has increased to 41.69 km per 100 square kilometer up March’2011, which is quite significant. However we are still far below the national average of 75 km per 100 sq.km. In order to provide better services to the people of the state, the Meghalaya Public Works Department is determined to take steps for improvement and up-gradation of the existing roads and bridges in phased manner.
Meghalaya has to strive harder to construct more roads and bridges, so as to connect more villages. Up-gradation of the existing roads and bridges with a view to properly utilize the existing assets of the state has become most essential in view of the increase in the commercial traffic. Rapid exploitation of minerals like coal and limestone has seen considerable growth in the traffic intensity and also put more pressure on the existing pavement structure of roads, which can not cater to the increased load and intensity of present day traffic. Efforts have been made to upgrade the existing roads by way of improvement, widening, strengthening, metalling and black topping, construction / reconstruction of bridges and culverts. The department is making all efforts to bring road network closer to the rural habitations in phased manner.
Out of 5782 nos of villages in the state 2992 nos are connected by road up to 31.03.2011. Steps are continuing to accelerate the development of road network in rural areas.
The Building Wing of the department is engaged in construction of buildings for all departments in the state. The Meghalaya Government Construction Corporation was also created by P.W.D. to cope with the enormous task of building constructions. The Corporation is not only doing works in Meghalaya but has done excellent job outside the state too.
The Meghalaya P.W.D. is also taking up Medium Irrigation Schemes in the state. One number of such schemes, the Rongai Valley Medium Irrigation Scheme at Chibinang is already in progress. To implement the project, a Project Engineer in the rank of Superintending Engineer along with a team of engineers is posted there.
The Meghalaya Public Works Department is fully geared up to take the challenges of construction and improvement of roads, buildings and E & D works in the state; and is dedicated to providing a good road network for the rural as well as urban population.